Wings in Supersonic Flows

The nature of supersonic flow is different from the subsonic one. The governing equations are hyperbolic, rather than elliptic, representing wave propagation. In two

Wings in Supersonic Flows
dimensional flows, the linearized small disturbance equation admits the d’Alembert solution (which is a special case of the method of characteristics). The corresponding solution of the three dimensional supersonic flow is based on Kirchoff’s formula, used for example in acoustics, see Garrick [14]. It is given by

Interchanging ф and ф and subtracting yields

Подпись:Подпись: (6.159)(фЬ(ф) — фЬ(ф)’) d9

if Ь(ф) = 0 and Ь(ф) = 0, we obtain

Wings in Supersonic Flows Wings in Supersonic Flows

„( й — ф£) dS = 0

In carrying the integration in the above formulas, the domain of influence and the domain of dependency must be taken into consideration.

Panel methods for supersonic flows are available, see Evvard [15] and Puckett and Stewart [16].

For nonlinear supersonic flows, Ь(ф) = 0, again volume integrals are required and the problem is solved iteratively provided the local Mach number is always greater than one.

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