The W/8 method

Suppose that a test flight is to be conducted using an aircraft with a take-off weight of WTO and that data is required at a referred weight (W/8) of WREF. At any point in the sortie if the fuel burn is WFUEL then the relative pressure required for the desired W/8 is given by:

Подпись: 8 =WTO ~ WF1
W„F

The pressure altitude (in feet) associated with this relative pressure can be found using an inverse form of the ISA atmospheric equation [3.3]:

Подпись: HP =1 _ 8l/5.2559

6.8756 x 10 -6

Figure 3.1 shows an example of a planning chart based on these equations. Determining the effect of outside air temperature on the rotor speed required for a given referred rotor speed can be addressed in a similar manner. Suppose the standard rotor speed is )0, the referred rotor speed required (m/ V0) is mREF and the outside air temperature at the test altitude is T °С, then the relative rotor speed (m) required is given by:

Подпись: m = mREFT + 273.15 288.15

The actual rotor speed associated with this relative RRPM is obtained from:

) = m x )0

Figure 3.2 shows an example of a planning chart based on these equations. Note that the maximum and minimum power-on rotor speed limits might prevent the establish­ment of referred rotorspeeds significantly different from that depicted.

image44

Fig. 3.1 Planning chart – W/S method.

image45

-10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10

OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE (°С)

Fig. 3.2 Planning chart – ra/V6 method.

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