Bell

• Twin-engined light helicopter • Fifteen years of service • Exports

Bringing real elegance to the everyday job of carrying people and cargo, the Bell 222 and 230 are considered by many to be the best-looking helicopters on the market. Tho Bell 222 was launched in 1974, first flew in 1976 as a private venture, and was enthusiastically by helicopter operators around tho world. Since it was first delivered in 1980, the 222 has proved popular in roles from executive transport to ambulanco.

Bell 222/230

Подпись:Bell

A Helikopter Service 222B

This Norwegian-registered 222 flew with Helikopter Service AS of Oslo. The 222B and 222B Executive vanants were tho original models with a hydraulically retracted undercarnage.

▲ Chilean SAR helicopter

In 1993 this modified 230 was leased to tho Chilean navy. Modifications lor the search-and-roscuc role included a nose-mounted Honeywell radar, Nitesun searchlight, thermal imager and hoist. GPS navigation was also installed, as wore extra fuel tanks

▼ Fenestron trials

This 222 was fitted with a shrouded глі rotor, or fenestron, as used on a numbtr of European doslgns.

FACTS AND FIGURES

► For offshore operations, tho 222 can carry a wator-activated emergency flotation system and auxiliary fuel tanks.

► The first prototype Boll 222 made its maiden flight on 13 August 1976.

► A 222 delivered In January 1981 was the 25,000th helicopter built by Bell.

>■ In January 1980 the offshore oil-drilling company Petroleum Helicoptors become the first user of tho Bell 222.

► As of January 1997 Boll 222s wore operating in at least 11 countries.

>• The 430, a stretched version of the 230 with a four-bladcd rotor, flew in 1994.

profile

 

Bell

230 Utility

Type: light commercial holicopter

Powerplant: two 522-XVV (700 np) Аічоп 250- C30G2 or 510-KW (685-hp I Textron Lycom. ng LTS 101*75001 turboshaft engines

Maximum cruising speed: 254 km/h (157 m. p.h) at sea level

Range: 702 km (435 mi)

Service ceiling: 4815 m (15.800 it |

Weights: empty 2245 kg (4.940 lb.); maximum tako-otf 3810 kg (8.380 lb.)

Accommodation: pilot and seven passengers Dimensions:

mam rotor diameter 1280 m (42 ftj

fuselage length 12.97 m (42 ft. 6 in.)

height 3.68 m |12 tt)

rotor d>sc area 128 71 m’ (1.385 sq. ft.)

 

Left: The 230 is distinguished from the 222 by its revised engine air intakes and repositioned exhausts.

 

and a variant lor the scarch-and – rescue role has been employed by the Chilean navy. Civil duties remain the most common hi >wever. and include executive transport and aemmedkal and police operations Succeeded by the – i.30. Model 230 production ended in І9У5, after *8 had been built.

 

Above: The 222B Executive, fitted with retractable wheeled landing gear, has become a favourite with companies as a luxury transport.

Both the 727 and 230 lm я two-btided toti rotor The 230 and akxJ oquppod 2223 have a Curved bar at ttw roar ot the hti boom to protect tlw tail rotor Дот ground strfcos

 

ACTION DATA

 

Bell

222UT

 

vNte more modern and updated dptigns OAo ttw 4Э0) have tour-btoden man rotors, the 19/Os-dusgncv] 727 and 230 are Wed with a Iwo-btidnd rotor This has a sianiess steer spar and laadng ooge wvn a Nomex txxJr ore Mve-giass sMn.

 

The skid-equipped 222UT (Utility TWin) is widely used
in the air ambulance rote. N77UT carries the livery
ot the University of Tennessee Research Center
and Hospital, KnoxviOc, Tennessee.

 

«MiA? rise 777 w’jo, titled with two AVCO lyc0m»xj (uidr Textron Lycomng) ITS 101 engheo, Iho 230 e offered with в* оріюіі of Mkscn 260*C turbosheft*. Ttw utter has bowi one ot the т»1 aucCMstii turboohottx and in fitted to many othnr typos. ecbclnQ iho Bel 206 JtHRongar and Hughm (later McOonrwt Douglas) 500.

 

The enmaira OCCOmmOdabon uvaliibto m trv 222UT » one pto! and w to oqhl pasaoojqci. An optional hghder-.ту layout о the 2228 oAowa tor up to «no – i. Then? s *oom о both mod«M tor 1.05 m‘ 07 cu П I o* baggage att or the cabn /

————— 1

UfbhtMAK

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RATE OF CLIMB

 

The Eutocoptor Kawasaki BK 117 has a sjpcnoi rate oi curb to toe smAirfy «j*d вы 222. Th* S-76 Mk II is a much heavier machete. but has more powertu ongnes and consequently a groato’ lilting самот,

 

Kill «0avail»(2.16St. MU, V-4 222UT 512 Dl’nle (1.500 L*a»-|

S-Tt to II «11 earned;

 

those arcrott Wed with whootod lancing gear have hydraulc forward-rotrectng units. The rear wheete are •.tovwd о sponsors on the outSKte rear of the cabw Stod – equepod versions can be fitted weh ground haneftng wheels ana retan sponsons. as thaee contain tool tanks

 

Bell
Bell

■ 407: A development Of Iho 206. the 407 is и swgio-cnginod holicopter intendod to replace tho JotRanger ft first flew in 1994.

 

■ 412: Announced in 1978, this development of the 212 has a four-bladed main rotor. The 412 is also built m Indonesia and Italy.

 

II 1.2 It (.1 1,1 (.I I I

 

1117

 

10

 

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Bell

• Oil rig support • Military transport • Gulf War gunship

Подпись:BellOriginally intended as a military

transport for Iran, the Bell 214ST contract was put in jeopardy with the advent of the Islamic revolution In 1979. Only 100 of these helicopters wore built. Although the majority found military customers in utility and support roles, a few ended up in oil rig support. Since then, tho 14ST has been replaced by more modern Bell designs and the type is now a rare sight.

PHOTO FILE

 

Bell

 

Huey’ heritage ►

Despite the extensivo modifications from the standard Bell 214. tho 214ST still has a large twin-blade rotor and twin-blado tail rotor.

 

A Desert colours

Eventually, tho 214ST arrived in the Middle East as a gunship. albeit in the hands of Iran’s споту. Iraq.

 

▲ High capacity

The long stretched cabin of the 214 allowed it to carry 18 passengers or three long bench seats.

 

A Thai navy

Thailand’s navy opvratos five 214STs. and the air force and army operate two each.

 

Civil colours^

Painted a distinctive colour, this oxpcnmental Belt 214ST carried out testing flights to oil rigs.

 

FACTS AND FIGURES

 

Bell

Originally, ST stood for Stretched Twin, but was subsequently changed to mean Super Transport.

Oman, Роги und Venezuela all operate three Bell 214STs.

The original requirement for Iran was improved hot-and-hlgh porformanco oW* the older Bell 214.

Tho composite rotor blades of the 214ST are wider than the standard Bell 214.

>• Between 1987 and 1988, Iraq bought 45 Bell 214STs and used them in combat.

► Tho last of the 100 2l4STs was prodlced *

1990; the first was built in 1980.

Подпись: Biggest of the Bell twins

Подпись: Be* used a now rolor ядригююп system brown at. Nod.vM.rtic посілі юівртмп tor tho relors Tito nodal boom годов no MneaDon Ihn ovoncod rotor гл»зл* have a glass-Uxo spar as wot ns me more іглгиі utiv. iurr* coning
Подпись: TAKE-OFF WEIGHT

Подпись:Подпись: Combat radius: 858 km (530 mU with standard fuelПодпись: Ferry range: 1019 km (630 moПодпись:BellПодпись: Left: The North Sea is home to a wide variety of <a href=helicopters. including Chinooks, Bell 212s, Pumas and Super Pumas. MBB 105$. Sikorsky S-61s and a few 214STs. Below: Examples of the 214ST with whittled undercarriage are extremely rare, but some were sold to China. ” align=”left” width=”194″ height=”96 src=” style=”margin-left:32px; margin-right:-32px;margin-top:2px;margin-bottom:186px”/>Подпись:Подпись:Подпись: The Fuorza Aerca Vcnezolana operated three Bell 214STs in tho communications role, serving with 42 Escuadron. Venezuela also operates the Bell 212 and Bell 412 in the VIP transport role.Подпись: 197.29 m (2.123 sqПодпись:Bell

In ilic ITOs. the Imperial Iranian armed fon. es wen? slit rpping for new equipment, will’ •* K3«*t dt-.il of money. lmprcK4.il In tin- United Mates Ліг« и airy’* performance in Vietnam. the air force ordered an и pgr, tiled Bell 2M

Ik-И рп)|юччІ a sulxstantiallv Improved machine, the 21 »ST. with Increased capaeitv and power, twin engines anil vastly Jnipnned Itot-anii-lngll performatuv Hie project, wimh $57* million to Beil, was Suddenly cancelled when the

Wot and co-i-nt have Іи» control – Both crewdx»-, mi* yzidorvVA’ Avionic* ш include radar. VLl гиыдоюп nynioni. ADf. lOME and тої еоіслпд
nations Islamic revolution occurred in 1979 Ik-11 continued development, and begun produc tion in November ol that year, hoping lor sales lo civilian operators as well as oilier military users

Luckily for Bell, the 211ST was a success, and despite a modest production mn, it was popular with users Ironically, the largest single user was Iran s modal enemy in the 1980s, Iraq, which look »5 aircraft in IW" and ачч onligured them as gunships anil operated them

Iho man tfwvvrsssion rue a ono-hoи» run-dry сараЫГу, so я» .ас/ап сіл где opiate sale»/ г. t»« «vent of loss ol lily leant T»«e twn tuibosnan ‘enQinas arc coupled through a combner gea-‘oro. Stngie-erQtne ссеюооо a also posable.

214ST

Type: medum utility TwHicoptcf

Powerplant: :wo General Ekrctnc CT7-2 turtooshafts rated at 1212 KW (1.625 hp.) each

Mai cruise speed: 2S9 km.1t (161 m p h I

Hover celling: i960 m (8,400 П)

Dimensions:

Rolor diameter Length Height Wing агез

ACTION DATA

Intended to operate wer vati гіписЛо* ot oc«*n wxn vanoui petn/w/ч сятрлговв. tr* fuel capacity at th* 214ST a ot vital mportanca Aatiougri «puai to IhaJI?. ihatwn – nnyi« deeqn ot tha?148T reprove* safety

 

. 141

 

The taJ rotcr a a corwenionai design with steer teddng edge, hcne>comb core and olass-ft/e traOng edge. The etectrencaiy coni’a led elevator mranfees turn changes wot uHorroUms ol power or centre ct gravity and improves slobWy

 

ПЯИА AINEA VJhl/GLANA

 

Addticywr txiggagu c«n 0* stored behind the ракеопдпг ceznpartmont Th» seats can tie removed to ptwoo addHonol cargo «росо A special пЯ-ow prelection nng is notated »< (fie zsetage aructizo

 

714SI

 

М3 И (t. WS lb.)

 

Bell

v qooi can гзе feted to the P-oul ite rafts can bo instated in ОІГУ rruet

 

7769 >1(4.MO lb.)

 

Bell

Подпись:Подпись:Подпись:BellPcepite toe 1ГУСПШМІ n worjni due to Я«И lotgei caCn are* and additional engm». »"> enaatog ipeed i* equ* to the

ennwr and ftgMer Bed 212 Oeretopments л the hetccpMr

мит* have erebled Be« to meet the пепммпд demand* Ы the ctvban hetcopfer marvel

Подпись: 11« 31411 259 liah (161 n. p.b.) K9UHi(1*1 m. p.k. l

г

Bell

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