Whether it is easy to carry by in 2015 a bomb aboard the plane?

Whether it is easy to carry by in 2015 a bomb aboard the plane?

The official version that became the reason of crash of the A321 plane of the Russian airline "Kogalymavia" on Sinai, still is absent. Against statements of dzhikhadist "Islamic state" that it they are responsible for accident, and comments of experts that the plane collapsed in air, the version about an explosive device onboard the liner remains not disproved.

This version – it is far not unique, but its viability indirectly proves to be true statements of the government of Great Britain and intelligence of the USA. These countries take emergency measures of safety. So, Great Britain suspended flights of national airlines in the Sharm-esh-Sheykh and back. In Egypt and in Russia the version of explosion do not confirm and the consequence terminations urge to wait.

Together with aviation experts Russian BBC service tried to understand, whether it is possible to carry by in 2015 a bomb aboard the passenger plane as safety of preflight preparation and what its weak places is organized.

What rules regulate safety at the airports?

The basis of safety rules for the personnel of the airports is made by requirements of the international association of civil aviation, IATA. The association developed the accurate set of rules which should be observed at all airports of the world. The huge part of these rules is devoted to safety at the airports – technical, administrative matters, functioning of communication systems and flow of documents, preparation of the personnel and many other aspects. Only one standard questionnaire from what auditors of association use for an assessment of safety of the airports, consists of more than 50 questions placed on 112 pages.

Besides IATA requirements, each country forms own criteria of safety at the airports. In Russia a number of unique security measures, for example, works are an additional framework on an entrance in air terminals and creation of a 50-meter buffer zone round them.

"The mass of documents in the field of ensuring aviation safety, transport safety today operates… there is an air code which regulates all these questions at the airports. There is a large quantity of orders, decrees and federal aviation rules on safety. Recently there were some more acts – including the 16th Federal Law about transport safety where the airports also are mentioned. As if everything is covered. Everything that is possible and it is impossible – everything is covered and everything is made", – the director general of Aeroport association of civil aviation Victor Gorbachev speaks.

With what safety at the airport begins?

"Now all methods of safety which we see as passengers, are calculated on penetration prevention aboard the suicide bomber who is carrying by explosives – collected or not collected – on themselves. With itself in salon", – the aviation expert, the former designer of Sukhoi Design Bureau Vadim Lukashevich speaks.

It is the main thing in systems of examination of passengers and luggage at all airports of the world. "We cannot be registered, give, for example, the luggage and not depart. Flight will be detained, our luggage will be removed. All system which we see, is constructed on it", – the expert speaks. For this reason experts completely exclude that the explosive device – if it existed – was carried by aboard by one of passengers.

"In this case, if the bomb aboard was put, it, most likely, was not brought to one of passengers, because there all passengers – our citizens. If to say that the bomb was carried by by the passenger, it is necessary to assume that, first, there someone enlisted, and secondly – that it passed through all obstacles of security service", – Lukashevich speaks. With it Victor Gorbachev agrees also.

"That aboard carried by a bomb – is completely excluded. Not for 100 percent, and on 200. First, the safety system worked. Secondly, it is a charter flight from the resort. The person who just spent two-three weeks on the sea – it will put on itself an explosive belt and will enter? It is completely excluded", – he speaks.

On the other hand, experts agree, the explosive device quite could get aboard during filling and luggage loading. For depressurization of a luggage compartment would be rather explosive device in weight in 200-300 grams. Distribution of fragments of the plane on the ground – the tail was found at some distance from the main part of a fuselage – also does not contradict this version.

Who has access to a board before a departure?

"The matter is that the plane – before landing of passengers – is served at the airport by air field services. They, roughly speaking, clean salon, they clear a toilet, fill in any liquids, they fill it and so on. The luggage is loaded into luggage compartments. Here penetration to the plane of the person is possible – and it is possible to assume that it can possess some aviation skills, that is knows where to put a bomb that jerked at once", – Lukashevich notices.

Penetration aboard by rules is possible only in the presence of crew. "There always there is an accepting crew which supervises that these people made: napkins cleaned, cleaned a toilet, still something made… it supervises crew. Everything that occurs from planes outside – luggage loading, plane filling – the crew does not supervise. It entirely responsibility of air field services", – is explained by the expert.

Technical employees of the airport the security service checks, they are trained, but as Victor Gorbachev speaks, the risk from it only decreases, instead of disappears completely. "Therefore, if there was a bomb explosion not the suicide bomber, and it somewhere blew up in the plane – somewhere in a design, in a luggage compartment and so on, it absolutely responsibility of air field services of the airport, and not for nothing now there passes information that the director of the airport of the Sharm-esh-Sheykha is dismissed. Egyptians, putting forward the technical version, nevertheless, on any one it to the known reasons dismiss the director of the airport. Means, their checks already revealed something. Or it is the facts which directly point to diversion possibility, or it is a tear in security service which they considered as unacceptable and the chief dismissed", – the director general of Aeroport association considers.

The official version that became the reason of crash of the A321 plane of the Russian airline "Kogalymavia" on Sinai, still is absent. Against statements of dzhikhadist "Islamic state" that it they are responsible for accident, and comments of experts that the plane collapsed in air, the version about an explosive device onboard the liner remains not disproved.

This version – it is far not unique, but its viability indirectly proves to be true statements of the government of Great Britain and intelligence of the USA. These countries take emergency measures of safety. So, Great Britain suspended flights of national airlines in the Sharm-esh-Sheykh and back.

In Egypt and in Russia the version of explosion do not confirm and the consequence terminations urge to wait.

Together with aviation experts Russian BBC service tried to understand, whether it is possible to carry by in 2015 a bomb aboard the passenger plane as safety of preflight preparation and what its weak places is organized.

What rules regulate safety at the airports?

The basis of safety rules for the personnel of the airports is made by requirements of the international association of civil aviation, IATA. The association developed the accurate set of rules which should be observed at all airports of the world. The huge part of these rules is devoted to safety at the airports – technical, administrative matters, functioning of communication systems and flow of documents, preparation of the personnel and many other aspects. Only one standard questionnaire from what auditors of association use for an assessment of safety of the airports, consists of more than 50 questions placed on 112 pages.

Besides IATA requirements, each country forms own criteria of safety at the airports. In Russia a number of unique security measures, for example, works are an additional framework on an entrance in air terminals and creation of a 50-meter buffer zone round them.

"The mass of documents in the field of ensuring aviation safety, transport safety today operates… there is an air code which regulates all these questions at the airports. There is a large quantity of orders, decrees and federal aviation rules on safety. Recently there were some more acts – including the 16th Federal Law about transport safety where the airports also are mentioned. As if everything is covered. Everything that is possible and it is impossible – everything is covered and everything is made", – the director general of Aeroport association of civil aviation Victor Gorbachev speaks.

With what safety at the airport begins?

"Now all methods of safety which we see as passengers, are calculated on penetration prevention aboard the suicide bomber who is carrying by explosives – collected or not collected – on themselves. With itself in salon", – the aviation expert, the former designer of Sukhoi Design Bureau Vadim Lukashevich speaks.

It is the main thing in systems of examination of passengers and luggage at all airports of the world. "We cannot be registered, give, for example, the luggage and not depart. Flight will be detained, our luggage will be removed. All system which we see, is constructed on it", – the expert speaks.

For this reason experts completely exclude that the explosive device – if it existed – was carried by aboard by one of passengers.

"In this case, if the bomb aboard was put, it, most likely, was not brought to one of passengers, because there all passengers – our citizens. If to say that the bomb was carried by by the passenger, it is necessary to assume that, first, there someone enlisted, and secondly – that it passed through all obstacles of security service", – Lukashevich speaks.

With it Victor Gorbachev agrees also.

"That aboard carried by a bomb – is completely excluded. Not for 100 percent, and on 200. First, the safety system worked. Secondly, it is a charter flight from the resort. The person who just spent two-three weeks on the sea – it will put on itself an explosive belt and will enter? It is completely excluded", – he speaks.

On the other hand, experts agree, the explosive device quite could get aboard during filling and luggage loading. For depressurization of a luggage compartment would be rather explosive device in weight in 200-300 grams. Distribution of fragments of the plane on the ground – the tail was found at some distance from the main part of a fuselage – also does not contradict this version.

Who has access to a board before a departure?

"The matter is that the plane – before landing of passengers – is served at the airport by air field services. They, roughly speaking, clean salon, they clear a toilet, fill in any liquids, they fill it and so on. The luggage is loaded into luggage compartments. Here penetration to the plane of the person is possible – and it is possible to assume that it can possess some aviation skills, that is knows where to put a bomb that jerked at once", – Lukashevich notices.

Penetration aboard by rules is possible only in the presence of crew. "There always there is an accepting crew which supervises that these people made: napkins cleaned, cleaned a toilet, still something made… it supervises crew. Everything that occurs from planes outside – luggage loading, plane filling – the crew does not supervise. It entirely responsibility of air field services", – is explained by the expert.

Technical employees of the airport the security service checks, they are trained, but as Victor Gorbachev speaks, the risk from it only decreases, instead of disappears completely.

"Therefore, if there was a bomb explosion not the suicide bomber, and it somewhere blew up in the plane – somewhere in a design, in a luggage compartment and so on, it absolutely responsibility of air field services of the airport, and not for nothing now there passes information that the director of the airport of the Sharm-esh-Sheykha is dismissed. Egyptians, putting forward the technical version, nevertheless, on any one it to the known reasons dismiss the director of the airport. Means, their checks already revealed something. Or it is the facts which directly point to diversion possibility, or it is a tear in security service which they considered as unacceptable and the chief dismissed", – the director general of Aeroport association considers.

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